When Taught to Use Money, Monkey’s Will Rob, then Pay for Sex

Have you ever seen a dog trade a toy for food? Neither have I, and that’s because Adam Smith, the founder of classical economics stated that monetary exchange belongs to human beings alone, meaning, Humans are the only species that will trade money for something else. But in a Yale-New Haven Hospital laboratory, Capuchin monkeys were taught to use money, and to their surprise, the monkeys began to trade money for sex.

The capuchin monkey is a brown monkey about the size of a human baby. These monkeys always have two things on their minds, Food and Sex. Keith Chen, a Yale economist, and Laurie Santos, a psychologist exploited the monkey’s natural desires to figure out what would happen when they introduced a currency into their society. To be honest, the researchers were NOT teaching the monkey’s how to trade money for sex. They simply taught the monkeys how to trade coins for grapes or Jell-O.

The idea was to give a monkey a dollar and see what it did with it. The currency Chen settled on was a silver disc, one inch in diameter, with a hole in the middle — ”kind of like Chinese money,” he says. It took several months of rudimentary repetition to teach the monkeys that these tokens were valuable as a means of exchange for a treat and would be similarly valuable the next day. Having gained that understanding, a capuchin would then be presented with 12 tokens on a tray and have to decide how many to surrender for, say, Jell-O cubes versus grapes. This first step allowed each capuchin to reveal its preferences and to grasp the concept of budgeting.

But then strange things started to happen, when the monkeys were presented with the 12 tokens, the monkey would grab the coins and toss them to the neighboring cell where all the monkeys would grab as many coins as they could. This meant that monkeys knew they could steal the coins and then hold the coins as ransom in effect creating a bank heist. Which is a interesting, but as interesting as what happened next.

When the monkeys from the opposing cell – where the coins were thrown to – collected the money, not all of the monkeys were lucky enough to get coins. Some monkeys got the money with the intention of buying grapes, other monkeys got the money with a completely different intention. The monkeys that didn’t get any coins started to look for ways of getting those coins, they found that they could trade sex for coins. The monkey who was paid for sex immediately traded the token in for a grape.

This proved to be the turning point for the experiment since the researchers felt the experiment was going “south” to quickly. The capuchin lab at Yale has been built and maintained to make the monkeys as comfortable as possible, and especially to allow them to carry on in a natural state. The introduction of money was tricky enough; it wouldn’t reflect well on anyone involved if the money turned the lab into a brothel. To this end, Chen has taken steps to ensure that future monkey sex at Yale occurs as nature intended it and not for who could pay out the most money.

But these facts remain: When taught to use money, a group of capuchin monkeys stole when they could; used money for food and, on occasion, sex. Via: NY Times

Philippe Ramette’s Upside Down and Sideway Pictures

These gravity defying images were taken by Philppe Rammette, and while they do look like he’s achieving the impossible, the image is a trick, but you should know that there was NO Photoshop involved in any of the images. Not even to correct the lighting in the image.

Rammette uses metal frames to support his body in these weird locations, he then lies on them and with the assistance of a second photographer, he positions the camera to achieve the gravity defying stunt. Even though some of the images look extremely dangerous, he was in safe hands. The gallery at the bottom shows you 9 of the best pictures that came out of his album, at first glance you can’t really figure out what’s wrong with the image. Take a look at the first image in the lake and you’ll instantly see what I mean.  Via Xippas

The Flip Side: What if Girls & Guys Traded Places at the Club

Males and females are completely different when it comes to the way they behave in a club – and just about any other place. For the most part, when a girl says “hey nice shirt!” they usually mean it, when a guy says “hey nice shirt!” it usually means you need to button up because they’re not looking at the shirt.

It’s not a secret, men and women are not alike. An experiment conducted last year asked men and women if they could “just be friends”. It was learned that most girls DO believe that men and women can be friends, Men in the other hand; over %95 of them said it was impossible.

Now before you watch the video, I’m sure you’ve heard this question before:  What if for one night the gender roles were reversed in the world? What if this actually happened and we actually traded places just for a night, what then? I’m sure it has a lot to do with exactly what trades over, if it’s just a physical body they that may be fun, but if it’s the mindset that comes along with the transformation, that may be shitty.

The video listed above is a short movie directed by Jay Diaz called “The Flip Side” takes us to this interesting alternate universe where men were like women, and women were like men. A lot of the things are true on the video, I will admit, it’s been a while since I’ve been out to the club scene, but it’s just as I remember it. Plus, the video is funny as shit.

The Dangers of Human Water Walking Balls

You see that ball to the left? It’s supposed to be a very awesome human hamster ball that lets you walk on water. The ball is pretty cool, you blow it up with a blower and you have 15 to 20 minutes of air inside the ball before you have to deflate it and get new fresh air inside it. But does anyone else see the problem with this? Some people definitely did.

Reading the comments below you can tell that the ball could be dangerous, for starters, half of the people from the video I posted above can even get up, even if they do get up, moving across the surface of the water is extremely difficult meaning if you do make it out on the lake you better be attached to a rope so another person can get you out of the lake in case you pass out.

Then you run into the problem of piercing through the plastic, if you accidentally pierce through the ball, you will end up being trapped inside a plastic ball that will only seal you inside like a vacuum. The pressure of the water around you would make it extremely difficult to remove the plastic from your body.

I’m not exactly sure what the ball is made of, but from the description it appears to be a thick plastic film. These are the Amazon images for the ball:

 Looks really cool uh? the guy happily walking into the lake in his $400 hamster ball, but wait till you read the reviews for this awesome ball:

Not so safe if you ask me, I’m not sure if the comments are trolling the seller, but they make the same points that I’m talking about.

Surface of Mars is an Unlikely Place for Life After 600-Million-Year Drought

We know that the surface of Mars has Ice, and scientist believe that at one point – about 3 billion years ago – the surface of Mars may have contained water, and was a lot wetter and warmer then it is today. But the researchers in charge of analysing the data on Martian soil that was collected during the 2008 NASA Phoenix mission, claim that the surface of Mars has been going through a super drought for over 600 million years. They said that despite the presence of ice, the planet is just to dry to sustain any type of life.

The researchers that tested the soil believe that Mars was exposed to water for about 5,000 years before drying out and freezing what ever little water the planet had left. Thanks to Satellite images and previous studies of the Martian soil, the scientist determined that water was present on the surface for far too short of a time for life to really get a foothold on the surface.

Dr Pike, from the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Imperial, who is lead author on the study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, explains:

“We found that even though there is an abundance of ice, Mars has been experiencing a super-drought that may well have lasted hundreds of millions of years. We think the Mars we know today contrasts sharply with its earlier history, which had warmer and wetter periods and which may have been more suited to life. Future NASA and ESA missions that are planned for Mars will have to dig deeper to search for evidence of life, which may still be taking refuge underground.”

In the study, the researchers were looking for microscopic clay particles formed when rock is broken down by water, however the team was unable to find such a marker. They found a particle similar to that, but they calculated that even if the few particles they saw in this size range were in fact clay, they made up less than 0.1 percent of the total proportion of the soil in the samples. On Earth, clays can make up to 50 percent or more of the soil content, so such a small proportion in the Martian samples suggests that the soil has had a very arid history.

The team found further evidence to support the idea that Martian soil has been largely dry throughout its history by comparing soil data from Mars, Earth and the Moon. The researchers deduced that the soil was being formed in a similar way on Mars and the Moon because they were able to match the distribution of soil particle sizes. On Mars, the team inferred that physical weathering by the wind as well as meteorites breaks down the soil into smaller particles. On the Moon, meteorite impacts break down rocks into soil, as there is no liquid water or atmosphere to wear down the particles.

So until we send out astronauts to Mars to start digging and looking for life living underground, the chances of life to ever had existed in Mars are slim to none. The possibility of underground lakes are still a very good, Lake Vostok is a liquid lake that’s resting underneath Antarctica, that lake is so deep that the core of the Earth is keeping it in liquid form, rather than iced over by the 2 miles of ice that rest above it. It is still possible for the ice chunk in Mars to have a lake underneath that’s being warmed by the core of the planet.  [Science Daily]

A “Failed” Future Prediction According To 1956

Every year or so, someone comes up with a set of predictions that are supposed to inspire us, and give us some sort of goals for the future. Like the whole Flying car, we all know what happened with that. But at the time, it inspired the engineers to be the first ones to create this flying contraption. It created some sort of “race” to see which startup company would be offering the first vehicle by the year 2000.

Pushing flying cars to the side, other people give out predictions about the economy, wars, peace times, and accidents that are going to happen. The Image to the left reads:

The Year is 1990, The World Is At Peace War And Crime Have Been Eliminated.

Sadly, the image was supposed to symbolise a time of peace and serenity… and we haven’t seen either one of those times. I guess we can always change the year: The Year is XXXX The World Is At Peace War And Crime Have Been Eliminated : and just keep on changing the year until We no longer exist. As long as Humans are alive, War and Crime are always going to be a problem…farmthis, a Reddit User, couldn’t of have said it any better: The year is 2012. War is an essential economic driver and never-ending. Prisons are privatised and for-profit. “crimes” are handed out like candy at a parade.

Grapefruit-Sized “Goal Balls” Aim to Clear Indonesian Train Roofs

I’m sure you’ve seen the images on magazines and TV where people in Indonesia climb on the side of trains and hitch a ride for free. This act is both costly, and dangerous. To prevent people from riding on the roofs and sides of the trains, the Indonesian state railway began to add “goal like” arches to the side of tracks.

The poles have small hanging concrete balls to sweep off the people from the trains. The PT Kereta Api Indonesia said that they will be installing barricades called the Goal Bola-Bolas – Goal Balls – along the tracks to literally knock people off the carts. The main “goal” is to make people want to purchase train tickets rather than ride on the roofs.

To prevent people from really getting injured, they are adding the balls at the entrances and exits of train stations so the people will be pushed off, while the train is still moving at a reasonable speed. The last thing you want is a 50 mph concrete ball to the face.

According to a spokesman for the railway, the balls are being installed because throwing riders off by hand proved both time-consuming and ineffective. [The Jakarta Post]